Many adult ESL students have had limited educations and, even in their native languages, have limited literacy skills. For many, the concept of alphabetical order is unknown. Yet alphabetical order is a basic organizing system of our society, and one that everyone who lives in the society needs to master. We use it to organize names in the phone book, to organize files in file systems, to organize inventory in our businesses, to organize parts in our repair shops. Our ESL students should be able to find a name in a phone book. They should also be able to retrieve equipment or parts correctly from a supply room, a task they might be called upon to do at a job. How can we prepare them to perform such tasks when they leave our classrooms 자위기구?
Alphabetical order needs to be approached in steps, something like this:
Step #1: Teach the alphabet in whatever increments your students need. You might have to teach just a couple of letters every day. Some students can learn the alphabet quickly, in a matter of days. Some students will need several weeks or even months.
Step #2: Use the alphabet song, “disappearing alphabet”, “Hype Up, or any other methods you are comfortable with to teach the correct order of the letters in the alphabet.
Disappearing Alphabet: Write the alphabet on the board. When students can recite it easily, start erasing letters one or two at a time and see if they can supply the missing letters themselves.
Hype Up: Go around the room, asking each student to supply a letter of the alphabet, in order. This forces them to listen to the student before them, to think fast, and to supply the correct letter quickly. It also gets the energy level up!)
Step #3: Introduce the hyphen as a writing convention that means, “and everything in between.” For example, A-D means A, D and everything in between. That is, A-D = A, B, C and D. Give students practice with this notation.